Today we’re going to look at Using ‘Would’ – Complete Grammar Rules step by step.
It is an exciting word; there isn’t one specific definition.
It would help if you learned: When to use ‘would’ ,’ How to use ‘would’ and in which situations.
Many people confuse, and many assume that ‘Would’ is always used in the past. well, it is not so.
‘Would’ is a model auxiliary verb so, it changes its meaning and
It can fit in the past and present depending on the way it is used.
So, today I’m going to take you through this model auxiliary ‘Would.’
Which is very important, okay.
Using would for Past Habit
The first use of ‘Would’ is in the past tense, When you want to say or you
want to speak about a past habit.
She would dance well when she was a child. (so, this is a past habit, if you see here ‘when he was a child ‘this is the past, so when you talk about a past habit, we used ‘Would.’
Now let’s a few important things to keep in mind: After ‘Would,’ the verb is always in the present form.
I cannot say, She would danced well. Alright? that’s wrong.
I would read a lot in my college days. (college days ‘that’s in the past and again, the verb after ‘Would’ is in the present, okay.)
Past of ‘Will’ (Indirect Speech)
You know the direct speech is something when we say, you know when the speakers exactly use these words, that’s your direct speech.
The shopkeeper said, “The shop will be closed tomorrow.”
(now, in Direct speech, you can use “Will,” okay,)
but When we talk about Indirect speech, when you convert the direct into indirect, ‘Will ‘always becomes ‘Would. ‘like this
The shopkeeper said that the shop would be closed tomorrow”.
So Indirect speech Will becomes Would, alright.
Would + Infinitive (without
It refers to hypothetical situations in the present and future.
What is hypothetical?
It is a situation that is not the reality.
For example, If I had a lot of money, I would go on holiday. (This is hypothetical.
Do I have a lot of money? No
Can I go on holiday? No, Got it.
Using would for Polite Request
We used ‘Would ‘when we make a polite request.
For example, I’d like to ask you a favour. (Now, see here friends I have contracted I’d that’s I+Would, okay)
You can even say, I want to ask you a favour. (Grammatically, it would not be wrong. but yes, If you’re going to be more polite, probably Informal English, probably at your workplace, you always say
I’d like to ask you a favour. if you want to sound more polite)
Another Example, Would you like some coffee? (here, I’m offering someone politely.
I can even say, Do you want to have some tea? (but we used here ‘Would’to sound more polite)
Using Contraction I+Would
I+Would become, I’d. Right?
Many people were confused. I apostrophe D (I’d) is I would, or I had.
Because even I had is contracted to I’d.
But I’m going to teach you something straightforward trick to remember when it is Would when it is Had.
For example, I’d like to have some water. (When you see I apostrophe D (I’d) with a verb in the present, it always ‘Would.’)
So, when the following verb is in the present form, it is always ‘Would.’
Another example, I’d gone out last night. ( here, it is I had because it can’t be would here because I always said after Would the verb is always in the present and not in the past participle)
this is the third form go, went, gone.
So when you see the third form, that means this is Had.
And When you see the first form, this is Would.
Using Would rather (express choice/preferences)
We used ‘Would rather’ when we are making a choice or preference
For example, I would rather have coffee than tea. (that means I’m making a preference for coffee over tea.
Another example, I would rather listen to some music than watch TV. (so, again, I would prefer listening to music than watching TV)
So, this is in the present when you make a choice or preference in the present; you use Would rather.
Click here to practice ‘Would’ Quiz